This condition is quite common and it can be controlled if you know the symptoms and treat it properly and on time.
High blood pressure can cause many other serious health problems, like stroke, chronic heart failure, heart attacks, and kidney diseases.
Majority are not even aware that they have hypertension, since they don’t experience none of its symptoms. The statistics show that one of five adult Americans suffer from high blood pressure but doesn’t know about it.
Luckily, many experts say that we can prevent and effectively treat hypertension with regular exercises and a healthy diet.
This common disease is in fact flowing of the blood through arteries and blood vessels at a pressure higher than the normal.
The U.S costs about high blood pressure are $64 billion per year, and they include health care services, off-days at work, and medications.
The standard medical recommendations for hypertension are reduced intake of salt, harmful beta-blockers, diuretics, and ACE inhibitor drugs.
Although these methods give some relief, they don’t treat the actual cause of hypertension, and can even provoke other health problems. For example, the recommended salt reduction for this treatment is controversial and questionable.
Blood pressure is actually the blood force that pushes it against arteries’ walls when the heart pumps blood. If this pressure is high, it causes hypertension.
There are two numbers in the blood pressure measurement. They present different pressures. The first one is the systolic pressure, which is the pressure during the beating of the heart while blood pumping, and the second is the diastolic pressure, or the pressure of the blood between heartbeats when the heart is resting.
Here are the blood pressure ranges:
- Normal blood pressure: Lower than 120/80
- Prehypertension: 120–139/80–89
- Hypertension stage 1: 140–159/90–99
- Hypertension stage 2: 160 and above/100 and above
Most of the time, patients don’t experience signs of raised blood pressure. But some common symptoms include: chest pain, confusion, vision problems, irregular heartbeat, nosebleeds, headaches, buzzing, and fatigue.
Once you notice some of these symptoms, you must react quickly in order to control the blood pressure. This is important since the life expectancy of people with high blood pressure at the age of 50 is 5 years shorter than those with normal blood pressure.
In 2013, there were more than 360,000 Americans who died as a result of high blood pressure as major or contributing factor.
On a daily basis that’s about 1,000 deaths, which makes high blood pressure an alarming and dangerous health problem that needs serious prevention and treatment.
Moreover, hypertension can increase the risk of numerous other health problems, such as:
- Chronic heart failure: It was discovered that 7 out of 10 patients with this condition have high blood pressure.
- Metabolic syndrome: Symptoms of high blood pressure increase the risk of this syndrome, which includes 3 or more of the next health problems: high blood sugar, low HDL cholesterol, abdominal obesity, high triglyceride levels, and high blood pressure.
- Vision problems: Loss of vision can be caused by thickened, narrowed, or torn eye blood vessels as a result of hypertension.
- Aneurysm: Hypertension can cause weakened or bulged blood vessels, resulting in aneurysm. If it ruptures, aneurysm can cause death.
- First heart attack: One out of every ten people who had undergone first heart attack have hypertension.
- First stroke: Eight out of every ten people who had a first stroke have shown to suffer from high blood pressure.
- Memory problems: Hypertension can obstruct the ability to think, learn, memorize, remember, and understand concepts.
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